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Charles D. Bell
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taxon links [down<--]Dipsacales Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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Containing group: Dipsacales


Backlund, A. A. & Bremer, K. (1997): Phylogeny of the Asteridae s. str. based on rbcL sequences, with particular reference to the Dipsacales. Pl. Syst. Evol. 207:225-254.

Backlund, A. A. & Bremer, K. (1998): To be or not to be- principles of classification and monotypic plant families. Taxon 47:391-400.

Backlund, A. A. & Donoghue, M. J. (1996): Morphology and phylogeny of the order Dipsacales. In Phylogeny of the Dipsacales, A. A. Backlund, Doctoral Dissertation. Uppsala: Department of Systematic Botany, Uppsala Univ.

Backlund A. A. & Pyck, N. (1998): Diervillaceae and Linnaeaceae, two new families of caprifolioids. Taxon 47:657-661.

Bell, C. D. and M. J. Donoghue. Phylogeny and biogeography of Morinaceae (Dipsacales) based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences. Organisms, Diversity, and Evolution.

Bell, C. D., Edwards, E. J., Kim, S.-T. & Donoghue, M. J. (2001): Dipsacales phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA sequences. Harvard Pap. in Bot. 6:481-499.

Blackmore, S. & Cannon, M. J. (1983): Palynology and systematics of Morinaceae. Rev. Palaeobot. and Palyn.40:207-226.

Cannon, M. J. & Cannon, J. F. M. (1984): A revision of the Morinaceae (Magnoliophyta-Dipsacales). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 12:1-35.

Caputo, P. & Cozzolino, S. (1994): A cladistic analysis of Dipsacaceae (Dipsacales). Pl. Syst. Evol. 189:41-61.

Cronquist, A. (1988): The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

Donoghue, M. J. , Eriksson, T., Reeves, P. A. & Olmstead, R. G. (2001): Phylogeny and phylogenetic taxonomy of Dipsacales, with special reference to Sinadoxa and Tetradoxa (Adoxaceae). Harvard Pap. in Bot.6:459-479.

Donoghue, M. J., Bell, C. D., & Winkworth, R. C. (in press): The evolution of reproductive characters in Dipsacales. Int. J. Plant Sci.

Hofman, U. & Gottmann, J. (1990): Morina L. und Triplostegia Wall. Ex DC. Im vergleich mit Valerianaceae und Dipsacaceae. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 111:499-553.

Judd, W. S., Sanders, R. W. & Donoghue, M. J. (1994): Angiosperm family pairs preliminary phylogenetiic analyses. Harvard Pap. in Bot. 5:1-51.

Peng, C.-I., Tobe, H. & Takahashi, M. (1995): Reproductive morphology and relationships of Triplostegia (Dipsacales). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 116:505-516.

Pyck, N., Roels, P. & Smets, E. (1999): Tribal relationships in Caprifoliaceae: evidence from a cladistic analysis using ndhF sequences. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 69:145-159.

Pyck, N. & Smets, E. (2000): A search for the position of the seven-son flower (Heptacodium, Dipsacales): combining molecular and morphological evidence. Pl. Syst. Evol. 225:185-199.

Pyck, N., Van Lysebetten, A., Stessens, J. & Smets, E. (2002): The phylogeny of Patrinieae sensu Grabner (Valerianaceae) revisited: additional evidence from ndhF sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 233:29-46.

Roels, P. & Smets, E. (1996): A floral ontogenetic study in Dipsacales. Int. J. Plant Sci. 157:203-218.

Zhang, W-H., Chen, Z-D., Li, J-H., Chen, H-B. & Tang, Y-C. (2003): Phylogeny of the Dipsacales s.l. based on chloroplast trnL-F and ndhF sequences. Mol. Phylo. Evol. 26:176-189.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Tetradoxa omeiensis
Location China
Creator Michael J. Donoghue
Body Part Flower
Copyright © 2004
Scientific Name Viburnum opulus
Location Romania
Comments Opened flowers on the edges represent sterile flowers. Central, fertila flowers open little later. V. opulus is a shrub growing in shaddy or semi-sunny places
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Ilisoi Gabriel
Body Part Inflorescence
Copyright ©
Scientific Name Sambucus nigra cerulea
Comments blue elderberry, one shrub in typical habitat
Acknowledgements Photograph courtesy InsectImages.org (#1208060)
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection Bugwood Network/Forestry Images
Copyright © Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service
About This Page

Charles D. Bell
University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

All Rights Reserved.

Citing this page:

Bell, Charles D. 2004. Adoxaceae. Version 16 July 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Adoxaceae/20799/2004.07.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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