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Karl Kjer
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taxon links [down<--]Sericostomatoidea Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Sericostomatoidea


This small family, established by Wallengren (1891), is comprised of 7 genera and about 50 species. It reaches its greatest diversity in the western Palearctic region, where 5 genera occur (Beraea Stephens, Beraeamyia Mosely, Ernodes Wallengren, Beraeodes Eaton, and Beraeodina Mosely, the latter 2 monotypic). The genus Beraea also occurs in eastern North America, where 3 species are known. A single genus, Notoernodes, with 2 species, occurs in Tanzania. Elsewhere the family is found only in Japan, where it is represented by the genus, Nippoberaea Botosaneanu, Nozaki, & Kagaya, containing a single species, N. gracilis (Nozaki & Kagaya). Gut contents of Beraea gorteba Ross in southeastern North America included small pieces of vascular plants, fungal mycelia, and other organic material, but no animal parts (Hamilton 1985), foodstuffs probably typical of most species in the family. From Holzenthal et al. (2007).


Most beraeid larvae build slightly to strongly tapered cases of small sand grains and live in springs, seeps, and small streams, usually among aquatic mosses, leaf litter deposits, roots of emergent plants, and other dense, marginal vegetation or in the marginal organic sediments (Hamilton 1985). From Holzenthal et al. (2007).


Hamilton, S.W. (1985) The larva and pupa of Beraea gorteba Ross (Trichoptera: Beraeidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 87, 783789.

Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 58 pp. 1668:639-698

Wallengren, H.D.J. (1891) Skandinaviens Neuroptera. Andra afdelningen. Svenska Akademien Handlingar, 24, 1173.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Beraea maura
Location Piedmont, Italy
Creator Karl Kjer
Identified By Hans Malicky
Life Cycle Stage Adult
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Collector G.B. Delmastro & M. Evangelista
Source Collection Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)
About This Page

Karl Kjer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Karl Kjer at

Page: Tree of Life Beraeidae. Authored by Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Kjer, Karl. 2010. Beraeidae. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Beraeidae/14647/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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