BicyclusAndrew V. Z. Brower
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The bush browns are large endemic African genus. Bicyclus butterflies are noted for marked seasonal polyphenism of wing patterns, especially in the size of the eyespots. The eye spots of Bicyclus anynana is a popular model system for the study of wing pattern development and genetics (cf. Beldade & Brakefield, 2002).
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
The topology is based on the molecular phylogenetic hypothesis of Monteiro & Pierce (2001).
Ackery PR, Smith CR, and Vane-Wright RI eds. 1995. Carcasson's African butterflies. Canberra: CSIRO.
Beldade, P & Brakefield PM. 2002. The genetics and evo-devo of butterfly wing patterns. Nature Reviews Genetics 3, 442-452.
Condamin M. 1973. monographie du genre Bicyclus (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Mém. Inst. Fond. Afrique Noire 88: 1-324.
Larsen, T. B. 2005. Butterflies of West Africa. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark.
Monteiro A, and Pierce NE. 2001. Phylogeny of Bicyclus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from COI, COII and Ef-1alpha gene sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 18: 264-281.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at
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Page: Tree of Life Bicyclus Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 09 November 2006
- Content changed 13 January 2010
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2010. Bicyclus http://tolweb.org/Bicyclus/85314/2010.01.13 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 13 January 2010 (under construction).