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Brachoria guntermountainensis Marek 2010

The Gunterís Mountain Mimic Millipede

Paul Marek
Containing group: Brachoria

Characteristics

Brachoria guntermountainensis individuals are about 42.8 mm long and 11.0 mm wide (females 49.35 mm X 10.8 mm).  Color: Striped red.

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Brachoria guntermountainensis genitalia - left male gonopodal acropodite (with setae removed): (Left) medial view and (Right) magnified apical view. © Paul Marek

Habitat

Brachoria guntermountainensis specimens were collected during the day (13:00) on the north slope of Gunter’s Mountain in a mixed deciduous and pine forest during rainfall.  Individuals were found beneath layers of decomposing leaves near the Tennessee River, within about 15 m from the water.  One other xystodesmid encountered sympatrically at this locality is Cherokia georgiana latassa, which appears similar in coloration to B. guntermountainensis.  Note: Individuals of B. guntermountainensis may be confused in the field with C. georgiana latassa due to similarity in color patterns, and with B. enodicuma, B. hubrichti, and B. initialis as a result of potential co-occurrence.

Distribution

Known only from the type locality on the banks of the Tennessee River in Jackson Co., Alabama.  The distribution of B. guntermountainensis, close to the Tennessee River, was probably larger historically and before the impoundment of the section in 1939.  The closest known Brachoria species, B. hubrichti occurs about 1.8 air km NW near Blowing Cave; B. enodicuma, occurs about 16 air km northeast across the river, and B. initialis about 18 air km east on Split Rock Mountain, near Paint Mountain.

Conservation status

Brachoria guntermountainensis is threatened by habitat loss due to agriculture (especially growing demand for paper products), coal mining, development, and the invasion of exotic species.

References

Marek P.E. 2010. A revision of the Appalachian millipede genus Brachoria Chamberlin, 1939 (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae: Apheloriini). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 817-889.

About This Page
Work on the millipede Tree of Life pages was supported by a U.S. National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant to Paul Marek and Jason Bond (DEB 0607996) and a Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy Grant to Petra Sierwald, Jason Bond, and William Shear (DEB 0529715).

Paul Marek
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Paul Marek at

Page: Tree of Life Brachoria guntermountainensis Marek 2010. The Gunterís Mountain Mimic Millipede. Authored by Paul Marek. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Marek, Paul. 2010. Brachoria guntermountainensis Marek 2010. The Gunterís Mountain Mimic Millipede. Version 16 September 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Brachoria_guntermountainensis/144795/2010.09.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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