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Calisto Hübner 1823

Andrew V. Z. Brower
Containing group: Pronophilina


A remarkable island radiation endemic to the Greater Antilles, with a particular explosion of species on the island of Hispaniola. The genus Calisto are small brown, relatively nondescript satyrines.

Jamaica and Puerto Rico are home to one species of Calisto each (C. zangis and C. nubila, respectively). Cuba is home to two: C. herophile and C. sibylla. Both of these species are also reported from the Bahamas, as is one additional species, C. anagadensis. The remaining 37 species are endemic to Haiti/Dominican Republic.

A further striking fact about Calisto is that unlike most butterflies, the preponderance of species have been described quite recently. Only seven species were described prior to 1900, and 23 were were described in the 1980's and 90's.

Position of Calisto in Satyrini

The genus Calisto is considered by Miller (1968) to belong to Pronophilina, with a possible close relationship to Eretris. This has not been borne out to date by evidence from DNA sequences (Brower, Wahlberg unpubl. results), which suggest instead that Calisto may have affinities with palearctic rather than neotropical satyrine taxa.


Bates M. 1939. Notes on butterflies from Hispaniola. Psyche 46: 43-51.

Gonzalez FL. 1987. Three new species and one new subspecies in the grannus complex of Hispaniolan Calisto (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Bull. Allyn Mus.: 1-17.

Gonzalez FL, Schwartz A, and Wtherbee DK. 1991. A new species of Calisto (Lepidoptera: Satyridae) of the lyceia complex on Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology: 1-8.

Johnson K, and Hedges SB. 1998. Three new species of Calisto from southwestern Haiti (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Trop. Lepid. 9: 45-53.

Johnson K, Quinter EL, and Matusik D. 1986 (87). A new species of Calisto from Hispaniola with a review of the female genitalia of Hispaniolan congeners (Satyridae). J. Res. Lepid. 25: 73-82.

Michener CD. 1943. A review of the genus Calisto (Lepidoptera, Satyrinae). Amer. Mus. Novit. 1236: 1-6.

Miller LD. 1968. The higher classification, phylogeny and zoogeography of the Satyridae (Lepidoptera). Mem. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 24: 1-174.

Schwartz A. 1983. A new Hispaniolan Calisto (Satyridae). Bull. Allyn Mus.: 1-10.

Schwartz A. 1985. A new subspecies of Calisto (Satyridae) from Hispaniola, West Indies. Bull. Allyn Mus.: 1-5.

Schwartz A. 1991. A new species of Calisto (Lepidoptera: Satyridae) from the Cordillera Central, República Dominicana. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology: 1-3.

Schwartz A, and Gali F. 1984. Five new species of Calisto (Satyridae) from Hispaniola. Bull. Allyn Mus.: 1-18.

Schwartz A, and Gonzalez FL. 1988. A new species of Calisto (Satyridae) from Hispaniola. Bull. Allyn Mus.: 1-5.

Smith DS, Miller LD, and Miller JY. 1994. The butterflies of the West Indies and South Florida. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Sourakov A. 1996. Notes on the genus Calisto with descriptions of the immature stages (Part 1) (Lepidoptera: Nympalidae: Satyrinae). Trop. Lepid. 7: 91-112.

Sourakov A. 1996b. Notes on the genus Calisto with descriptions of the immature stages (Part 2) (Lepidoptera: Nympalidae: Satyrinae). Trop. Lepid. 10: 73-79.

About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Calisto Hübner 1823. Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2006. Calisto Hübner 1823. Version 30 October 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Calisto/83095/2006.10.30 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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