CerataphidiniDavid L. Stern
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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The monophyly of Astegopteryx, Pseudoregma, Ceratovacuna, Chaitoregma, and Ceratoglyphina are very strongly supported by the results of Stern (1994, 1995) and Stern, Aoki and Kurosu (unpublished).
Secondary Host Plants: Typically Graminae, Loranthaceae, Palmae, or Zingiberaceae, but some species are also found on the Araceae, Balsaminaceae, Compositae, and Pandanaceae.
The ancestral state is apparently host alternation between trees of Styrax and the secondary host. However, many species have lost either the primary or the secondary host. Loss of the primary host is more common.
Aoki, S. 1987. Evolution of sterile soldiers in aphids. In Animal Societies: Theories and Facts. Y. Itô, J. L. Brown, and J. Kikkawa, eds., pp. 53-65. Tokyo: Japan Sci. Soc. Press.
Stern, D. L. 1994. A phylogenetic analysis of soldier evolution in the aphid family Hormaphididae. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 256:203-209.
Stern, D. L. 1995. Phylogenetic evidence that aphids, rather than plants, determine gall morphology. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 260:85-89.
Stern, D. L. and W. A. Foster. 1996. The evolution of soldiers in aphids. Biol. Rev. in press.
Fukatsu, T., S. Aoki, U. Kurosu, and H. Ishikawa. 1994. Phylogeny of Cerataphidini aphids revealed by their symbiotic microorganisms and basic structure of their galls: implications for host-symbiont coevolution and evolution of sterile soldier castes. Zoological Sciences 11:613-623.
David L. Stern
Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to David L. Stern at
Page copyright © 1995 David L. Stern
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Citing this page:
Stern, David L. 1995. Cerataphidini. Version 01 January 1995 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Cerataphidini/11051/1995.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/