CoenonymphaAndrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
The cladogram is based on Kodandaramaiah and Wahlberg (2009). Note that Coenonympha tullia s. l. is polyphyletic according to this study. More sampling of the diversity of North American geographical races/subspecies is necessary to corroborate this hypothesis.
Bozano, G.C., 2002. Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic Region. Satyridae part 3. Tribe Satyrini. Subtribes Melanargiina and Coenonymphina. Omnes Artes, Milano. 71 pp.
Kodandaramaiah, U. & Wahlberg, N. 2009 Phylogeny and biogeography of Coenonympha butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Systematic Entomology 34, 315-323.
Layberry RA, Hall PW, and LaFontaine JD. 1998. The butterflies of Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Tuzov VK, Bogdanov PV, Devyatkin AL, Kaabak LV, Korolev VA, Murzin VS, Samodurov GD, and Tarasov EA. 1997. Guide to the butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Pensoft, Sofia.
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Page: Tree of Life Coenonympha Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 16 November 2006
- Content changed 03 June 2009
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2009. Coenonympha http://tolweb.org/Coenonympha/87470/2009.06.03 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 03 June 2009 (under construction).