- Unidentified Dendryphantinae
The dendryphantines are among the commonnest and most diverse jumping spiders of the New World (considerably less diverse in the Old World). Included are genera such as Phidippus, Metaphidippus, Eris, Dendryphantes, Tutelina, and Hentzia. Generally the females show paired spots on the abdomen, and the males often have enlarged chelicerae.
Maddison (1988, 1996) proposed three characters derived within the family as synapomorphies of the subfamily:
- Carina on the ventrolateral edge of the basal segment of the male chelicerae:Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
- Coil of embolus folded back so as to be hidden behind the basal part of the embolus, so that the coiling is usually only visible from the back of the embolus:Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
- Epigynal openings S-shaped, with entry toward the lateral in the anterior half and toward the medial in the posterior half:Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Maddison, W.P. 1988. A revision of jumping spider species groups formerly placed in the genus Metaphidippus, with a discussion of salticid phylogeny (Araneae). Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge.
Maddison, W.P. 1996. Pelegrina and other jumping spiders formerly placed in the genus Metaphidippus (Araneae: Salticidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. l54(4): 215-368.
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
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Citing this page:
Maddison, Wayne. 1995. Dendryphantinae. Version 01 January 1995 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Dendryphantinae/2854/1995.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/