Hyposcada TS = Ithomia adelphina Bates, 1866 (currently viewed as a subspecies of H. virginiana)Andrew V. Z. Brower
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The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsTree topology based on the molecular hypothesis of de Silva et al. (2010).
De Silva, D. L., Day, J. J., Elias, M., Willmott, K., Whinnett, A. & Mallet, J. 2010. Molecular phylogenetics of the neotropical butterfly subtribe Oleriina (Nymphalidae: Danaini: Ithomiini). Mol. Phhylogenet. Evol. 55, 1032-1041.
DeVries, P. J. 1987 The butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press.
Lamas, G. (ed.) 2004 Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Neild, A. F. E. 2008 The Butterflies of Venezuela. Part 2: Nymphalidae II (Acraeinae, Libytheinae, NYmphalinae, Ithomiinae, Morphinae). London: Meridian Publications.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2010
Page: Tree of Life Hyposcada TS = Ithomia adelphina Bates, 1866 (currently viewed as a subspecies of H. virginiana). Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 29 September 2006
- Content changed 21 July 2010
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2010. Hyposcada TS = Ithomia adelphina Bates, 1866 (currently viewed as a subspecies of H. virginiana). Version 21 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Hyposcada/27610/2010.07.21 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/