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Luehdorfia puziloi Erschoff, 1872

Vazrick Nazari
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Containing group: Luehdorfia


The life history of L. puziloi has been illustrated by Shirozu and Hara (1973) and Nardelli (1993). Biochemical and biological aspects of the life history of L. puziloi have been the subject of a number of studies by Matsumoto (1984-1990), Matsumoto et al. (1993), and Tsubaki and Matsumoto (1998). Hybrids between L. japonica and L. puziloi have been reported (Hara and Ochiai, 1980). There has been some controversy about the authorship of the ssp. linjiangensis; details are reported under L. taibai.

Geographical Distribution

Northern China, southeast Russia, North- and South Korea, Japan (Shirozu and Hara, 1973).

Geographical Variation

At least seven subspecies are recognized within L. puziloi. According to Fujioka (2003), the nominal subspecies, L. p. puziloi Erschoff, 1872 (Type locality: Ussuri region) is confined to southeast Russia, together with L. p. machimuraorum Fujioka, 2003 (Type locality: Russia: Okhotniki, upper Bikin River). According to Bryk (1934), two subspecies, L. p. yessoensis Rothschild, 1918 (Type locality: Hakodate Yezzo, Japan) and L. p. inexpecta Sheljuzhko, 1913 (Type locality: Sendai, Japan) are known from Japan, and the populations on the Korean peninsula belong to L. p. coreana Matsumura, 1919 (Type locality: Kaishu, Korea). In China, two subspecies are known: L. p. linjangensis Lee, 1982 (Type locality: China) and L. p. lenzeni Bryk, 1938 (Type locality unknown) (Savela, 2005).

Larval Food Plant

The larvae of L. puziloi feed on Asarum sieboldii (Chunsheng, 2001) as well as some species of Asiasarum (Makita et al., 2000).


Bryk, F., 1934. Baroniidae, Teinopalpidae, Parnassiidae, Part.I. Das Tierreich, Deutschen Zoologische Gesellschaft im Auftrag der Preussischen Akademie der Wissensch. Berlin und Lepizig, 64: I-XXIII, 1-131.

Chunsheng, W., 2001. Zhongguo dong wu zhi. Kun chong gang. Di 25 juan, Lin chi mu feng die ke : feng die ya ke, ju feng die ya ke, juan die ya ke / Wu Chunsheng bian zhu ; Zhongguo ke xue yuan Zhongguo dong wu zhi bian ji wei yuan hui zhu bian. Fauna Sinica, Insecta Vol. 25: Lepidoptera Papilionidae; Papilioninae, Zerynthiinae, Parnassiinae. Beijing, Ke xue chu ban she, 367 pp.

Fujioka, T., 2003. A new subspecies of Luehdorfia puziloi from the northernmost locality of Luehdorfia. Gekken-Mushi 385: 2-3.

Hara, S., Ochiai, H., 1980. On a hybrid between male Luehdorfia japonica and female L. puziloi inexpecta. Ty˘ to Ga 31: 97-101.

Lee, C., 1982. First report of distribution and living condition of three Luehdorfia from China. Yadoriga 107/108: 39.

Makita, H., Shinkawa, T., Kazumasa, O., Kondo, A., Nakazawa, T., 2000. Phylogeny of Luehdorfia butterflies inferred from mitochondrial ND5 gene sequences. Entomological Science 3: 321-329.

Matsumoto, K., 1984. Population dynamics of Luehdorfia japonica Leech (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). I. a preliminary study on the adult population. Researches on Population Ecology 26: 1-12.

Matsumoto, K., 1987. Mating patterns of a sphragis-bearing butterfly, Luehdorfia japonica Leech (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), with descriptions of mating behavior. Researches on Population Ecology 29: 97-110.

Matsumoto, K., 1989. Effects of aggregation on the survival and development on different host plants in a papilionid butterfly, Luehdorfia japonica Leech. Jpn. J. ent. 57: 853-860.

Matsumoto, K., 1990. Population dynamics of Luehdorfia japonica Leech (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). II. Patterns of mortality in immatures in relation to egg cluster size. Researches on Population Ecology 32: 173-188.

Matsumoto, K., Ito, F., Tsubaki, Y., 1993. Egg cluster size variation in relation to the larval food abundance in Luehdorfia puziloi (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Researches on Population Ecology 35: 325-333.

Nardelli, U., 1993. Bemerkungen zur Zucht einiger Zerynthiini und Parnassiini (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 103: 213-228.

Savela, M., 2005. Lepidoptera and some other life forms. Accessed December 2005.

Shir˘zu, T., Hara, A., 1973. Early stages of Japanese butterflies in colour. Vol. I. Osaka, Hoikusha.

Tsubaki, Y., Matsumoto, K., 1998. Fluctuating asymmetry and male mating success in a sphragis bearing butterfly Luehdorfia japonica (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Journal of Insect Behaviour 11: 571-582.

Title Illustrations
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Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Luehdorfia puziloi
Location Japan
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Mochimitsu Kobayashi
Behavior Resting
Copyright © 2006 Mochimitsu Kobayashi
About This Page

Vazrick Nazari
Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa, Canada

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Vazrick Nazari at

Page: Tree of Life Luehdorfia puziloi Erschoff, 1872. Authored by Vazrick Nazari. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Nazari, Vazrick. 2006. Luehdorfia puziloi Erschoff, 1872. Version 07 July 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Luehdorfia_puziloi/65406/2006.07.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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