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Containing group: Bilateria


Aruga, J., Y. S. Odaka, A. Kamiya, and H. Furuya. 2007. Dicyema Pax6 and Zic: tool-kit genes in a highly simplified bilaterian. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:201. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-201

Hanelt, B., D. VanSchyndel, C. M. Adema, L. A. Lewis, E. S. Loker. 1996. The phylogenetic position of Rhopalura ophiocomae (Orthonectida) based on 18S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13:1187-1191.

Horvath, P. 1997. Dicyemid mesozoans. Pages 31-38 in Embryology. Constructing the Organism. S. F. Gilbert and A. M. Raunio (eds.) Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Mass.

Katayama, T., H. Wada, H. Furuya, N. Satoh, and M. Yamamoto. 1995. Phylogenetic position of the dycyemid Mesozoa inferred from 18S rDNA sequences. Biological Bulletin 189:81-90.

Kobayashi, M., H. Furuya, and P. W. H. Holland. 1999. Dicyemids are higher animals. Nature 401:762.

Pawlowski, J., J. I. MontoyaBurgos, J. F. Fahrni, J. Wuest, and L. Zaninetti. 1996. Origin of the Mesozoa inferred from 18S rRNA gene sequences. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13:1128-1132.

Telford, M. 2000. Turning Hox "signatures" into synapomorphies. Evolution and Development 2:360-364.

Zrzavy, J. 2001. The interrelationships of metazoan parasites: a review of phylum- and higher-level hypotheses from recent morphological and molecular phylogenetic analyses. Folia Parasitologica 48:81-103.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Rhopalura
Creator Ivy Livingstone
Sex male and female
Copyright © 1999 BIODIDAC
Scientific Name Dicyema
Creator Ivy Livingstone
Life Cycle Stage adult, nematogen stage
Copyright © 1998 BIODIDAC
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Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2002. Mesozoa. Version 01 January 2002 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Mesozoa/2484/2002.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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