The Glassy-Winged TigersAndrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
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The Glassy-Winged Tigers range from India to the Papuan region. Many of the species are involved in mimicry complexes with one another and various swallowtails and pierids.
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
This tree is based on morphological characters, as published by Ackery and Vane-Wright (1984). Several species described since that publication have been added in their inferred positions. The species (P.) weiskei was removed to a separate genus, Miriamaca, by Vane-Wright et al. (2002).
Other Names for Parantica
- Vernacular Names: The Glassy-Winged Tigers
Ackery PR, and Vane-Wright RI. 1984. Milkweed butterflies. British Museum (Natural History), London.
Parsons, M. 1999 The butterflies of Papua New Guinea: their systematics and biology. San Diego: Academic Press.
Vane-Wright RI, Boppre M, and Ackery PR. 2002. Miriamaca, a new genus of milkweed butterflies with unique androconial organs (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Zoologischer Anzeiger 241: 255-267.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at
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Page: Tree of Life Parantica Authored by . The Glassy-Winged Tigers.Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 04 October 2006
- Content changed 22 May 2008
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2008. Parantica http://tolweb.org/Parantica/70710/2008.05.22 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. The Glassy-Winged Tigers. Version 22 May 2008 (under construction).