This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.
For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.close box
Heie, O. E. 1987. Palaeontology and phylogeny. In. Aphids: Their biology, natural enemies, and control, vol 2A. Eds. A. K. Minks and P. Harrewijn. Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 367-391.
Heie, O. E. 1994. Aphid ecology in the past and a new view on the evolution of Macrosiphini. In. Individuals, Populations and Patterns in Ecology. Eds. S. R. Leather et al. Intercept, Andover. pp. 409-418.
Heie, O. E. and E. Pike. 1992. New aphids in Cretaceous amber from Alberta (Inecta: Homoptera). Canadian Entomologist 124:1027-1053.
About This Page
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to David L. Stern at
Page copyright © 1995 David L. Stern
Page: Tree of Life Phylloxeroidea. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 1995. Phylloxeroidea. Version 01 January 1995 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Phylloxeroidea/11008/1995.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/