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Proteomonas sulcata

Kerstin Hoef-Emden and John M. Archibald
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Containing group: Cryptomonads


Described by Hill and Wetherbee; type species Proteomonas sulcata (marine; Hill and Wetherbee 1986).

Only one strain has been sequenced (Marin et al. 1998; Deane et al. 2002; Hoef-Emden et al. 2002). Proteomonas sulcata was the first cryptophyte for which a dimorphism was reported (Hill and Wetherbee 1986). In molecular phylogenies inferred from nucleomorph SSU rDNA sequences, this strain seems to be related to the other two PE545-containing clades with free nucleomorphs (Guillardia/Hanusia and Geminigera/Plagioselmis/Teleaulax genus complex), whereas its position is not resolved in nuclear SSU rDNA phylogenies (Hoef-Emden et al. 2002).



Deane JA, Hill DRA, Brett SJ, McFadden GI (2002) Cryptomonad evolution: Nuclear 18S rDNA phylogeny versus cell morphology and pigmentation. J. Phycol. 38: 1236-1244

Hill DRA, Wetherbee R (1986) Proteomonas sulcata gen. et sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae), a cryptomonad with two morphologically distinct and alternating forms. Phycologia 25: 521-543

Hoef-Emden K, Marin B, Melkonian M (2002) Nuclear and nucleomorph SSU rDNA phylogeny in the Cryptophyta and the evolution of cryptophyte diversity. J. Mol. Evol. 55: 161-179

Marin B, Klingberg M, Melkonian M (1998) Phylogenetic relationships among the Cryptophyta: analyses of nuclear-encoded SSU rRNA sequences support the monophyly of extant plastid-containing lineages. Protist 149: 265-276

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Proteomonas sulcata
Location material from Provasoli-Guillard National Center for Culture of Marine Phytoplankton
Source Proteomonas sulcata
Source Collection Micro*scope
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.5.
Copyright © Bob Andersen and D. J. Patterson
About This Page

This page is being developed as part of the Tree of Life Web Project Protist Diversity Workshop, co-sponsored by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) program in Integrated Microbial Biodiversity and the Tula Foundation.

Kerstin Hoef-Emden
Universität zu Köln, Köln, Germany

John M. Archibald
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Kerstin Hoef-Emden at and John M. Archibald at

Page: Tree of Life Proteomonas sulcata. Authored by Kerstin Hoef-Emden and John M. Archibald. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Hoef-Emden, Kerstin and John M. Archibald. 2008. Proteomonas sulcata. Version 14 September 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Proteomonas_sulcata/128543/2008.09.14 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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