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taxon links [up-->]Tetraponera [up-->]Pseudomyrmex [down<--]Formicidae Interpreting the tree
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The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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Classification after Ward (1990).
Containing group: Formicidae


With the following apomorphies (Bolton 2003):

Other Names for Pseudomyrmecinae


Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. 222 pp. Cambridge, Mass.

Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalog of the Ants of the World. 504 pp. Cambridge, Mass.

Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.

Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Ward, P. S. 1990. The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): generic revision and relationship to other formicids. Systematic Entomology 15: 449-489.

Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Tetraponera clypeata
Location South Africa
Sex Female
Life Cycle Stage Workers, larvae
Copyright © 2003 Alex Wild
Scientific Name Pseudomyrmex apache
Location U.S.A. (California)
Sex Female
Life Cycle Stage Worker
Copyright © 2003 Alex Wild
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Page: Tree of Life Pseudomyrmecinae. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2004. Pseudomyrmecinae. Version 20 March 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Pseudomyrmecinae/22205/2004.03.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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