JestersNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
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IntroductionThis genus of small, rapid fliers occurs from India to New Guinea. THe phylogeneetic analysis of Fric et al. (2004) suggests that the genus Mynes is embedded within a paraphyletic Symbrenthia as sister taxon to the hypselis - sinoides clade.
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsThe cladogram shown represents relationships of species currently classified in Symbrenthia based on the most parsimonious tree of Fric et al. (2004), but excludes members of the genus Mynes, which those authors found to be embedded within Symbrenthia. See comments on Nymphalini page.
Fric Z, Konvicka M & Zrzavy J. 2004. Red & black or black & white? Phylogeny of the Araschnia butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) and evolution of seasonal polyphenism. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17, 265-278.
Vane-Wright RI, and de Jong R. 2003. The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island fauna. Zoologische Verhandelingen 343: 1-267.
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About This Page
University of Turku, Finland
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2010 Niklas Wahlberg and
Page: Tree of Life Symbrenthia Authored by . Jesters.Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 08 December 2006
- Content changed 09 February 2010
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2010. Symbrenthia http://tolweb.org/Symbrenthia/70334/2010.02.09 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Jesters. Version 09 February 2010 (under construction).