YrameaNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
- Yramea cytheris
- Yramea inca
- Yramea lathonioides
- Yramea modesta
- Yramea sobrina
- Yramea lynx
The genus Yramea is found only in the high Andes and south temperate region of South America. It remains somewhat of a biogeographic enigma, but recent phylogenetic work promises to shed light on the evolutionary history of this group.
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
Species belonging to Yramea were long thought to be related to species in the genus Issoria, and indeed Yramea species were often placed in Issoria. A recent morphological study (Simonsen 2006) showed that Issoria and Yramea are not sister groups, and a further study including molecular data (Simonsen et al. 2006) showed that Yramea is sister to the rest of Argynnini, to the exclusion of Euptoieta. The monophyly of Yramea has not been tested, but most likely this is a monophyletic genus.
Lamas, G. (ed) 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. Scientific Publishers, Gainsville, Florida.
Simonsen, T. J. 2006. Fritillary phylogeny, classification and larval hostplants: reconstructed mainly on the basis of male and female genitalic morphology (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Argynnini). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 627-673..
Simonsen, T. J., N. Wahlberg, A. V. Z. Brower, and R. de Jong. 2006. Morphology, molecules and Fritillaries: approaching a stable phylogeny for Argynnini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution 37: 405-418.
About This Page
University of Turku, Finland
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2011 Niklas Wahlberg and
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- First online 04 October 2006
- Content changed 04 October 2006
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2006. Yramea http://tolweb.org/Yramea/70414/2006.10.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 04 October 2006 (under construction).