Taxa Associated with the Family Spirulidae Owen, 1836

Michael J. Sweeney and Richard E. Young

(data as of June 2002)

Nominal Genus-Level Taxa

Lituina Link, 1806:84.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Spirula Lamarck, 1799 [fide Hoyle (1910:410)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Nautilus spirula Linne, 1758 by monotypy

Spirula Lamarck, 1799:80.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid genus [fide Nesis (1987:92)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Nautilus spirula Linne, 1758 by monotypy

Spirularius Dumeril, 1806:157.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Spirula Lamarck, 1799 [fide Unresolved]
TYPE SPECIES. -- New name for Spirula Lamarck

Nominal Species-Level Taxa (As Introduced Binomial)

Spirula peronii atlantica [forma] Girard, 1890:250.

TYPE LOCALITY. -- Algarve (Portugal); Azores; etc.

Spirula australis Lamarck, 1816:pl 465 fig 5a,b.

TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; MHNG? Syntypes (1 male, 2 females) [fide Lonnberg (1896:100)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Not designated

Spirula blakei Lonnberg, 1896:100.

TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved
TYPE LOCALITY. -- West Indies

Spirula fragilis Lamarck, 1801:102.

Nomen nudum.

Spirula peronii indopacifica [forma] Girard, 1890:250.

TYPE LOCALITY. -- New Caledonia; Indian Ocean; etc.

Spirula peronii Lamarck, 1822 In 1815-1822:601.

TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; not at MNHN or MHNG [fide Lu et al. (1995:308)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- “l’Ocean austral et celui des Moluques”

Spirula prototypus Lesueur and Petit, 1807:pl 30 fig. 4.

TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MNHN Type; specimen not extant [fide Lu et al. (1995:323)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Not designated

Spirula reticulata Owen, 1848:14, pl. 4 figs 3, 9.

TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; BMNH? Holotype [not traced by Lipinski et al. (2000)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Off Timor [fide Lonnberg (1896:99)]

Loligo spiralis D'Orbigny, 1826:153.

Nomen nudum.

Nautilus spirula Linne, 1758:710.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; Spirula spirula [fide Bruun (1943:3)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; LS?
TYPE LOCALITY. -- “America”

Type Repositories

BMNH- The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England (formerly British Museum (Natural History)).† [For type catalog see Lipinski et al. (2000)]

LS- Linnean Society of London, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London W1V 0LQ, England.† [For type catalogs see Dodge (1953, 1959)]

MB- Museu Nacional de Historia Natural, 58 Rua da Escola Politecnica, 1200 Lisboa, Portugal.

MHNG- Museum d’Histoire Naturelle, Case Postale 284, CH-1211, Geneve 6, Switzerland. [For list of collections see Mermod (1950)]

MNHN- Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire Biologie Invertebres Marins et Malacologie, 55, rue de Buffon, 75005 Paris 05, France. [For type catalog see Lu et al. (1995)]


Bruun, A.F. 1943.  The biology of Spirula spirula (L.).  Dana Report, 24:1-44, 2 plates.

Dodge, H. 1953.  A historical review of the mollusks of Linnaeus. Part 2. The Class Cephalopoda and the genera Conus and Cypraea of the Class Gastropoda.  Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 103(1):1-134.

Dodge, H. 1959.  Evidential factors in the identification of the Linnaean molluscs.  Journal of the Linnaean Society of London, Zoology, 44(296):170-179.

D'Orbigny, A. 1826.  Tableau methodique de la Classe de Céphalopodes [Introduction, pages 96-120 by A.E. Ferussac].  Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris, (series 1)7:95-169, 245-314, 8 plates.

Dumeril, A.M.C. 1806.  Zoologie analytique, ou methode naturelle de classification des animaux, rendue plus facile a l'aide de tableaux synoptiques. 344 pages. Paris.

Girard, A.A. 1890.  Revision des Mollusques du Museum de Lisbonne. 1. Céphalopodes.  Journal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes, (series 2)4:233-268, 1 plate.

Hoyle, W.E. 1910.  A list of the generic names of Dibranchiate Cephalopoda with their type species.  Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 32:407-413.

Lamarck, J.B. 1799.  Prodrome d'une nouvelle classification des coquilles.  Memoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, 1:63-91.

Lamarck, J.B. 1801.  Systeme des Animaux sans vertebres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux. 432 pages. Paris.

Lamarck, J.B. 1815-1822.  Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans vertebres, presentant les caracteres generaux et particuliers des ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales especes qui s'y raportent. 7 volumes [volume 7, 1822]. Paris.  

Lamarck, J.B. 1816.  Tableau encyclopedique et methodique des trois regnes de la nature. [volume 4, plates 391-488] Paris, Mme. veuve Agasse.

Lesueur, C.A. and N.M. Petit. 1807.  Atlas Historique, 41 plates. In: F. Peron, editor, Voyage de decouvertes aux terres Australes sur les corvettes le Geographe, le Naturaliste, et la Geolette le Casuarina, pendant 1800-1804. 2 volumes, atlas and 14 maps, 1807-1816.

Link, H.F. 1806.  Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universitat zu Rostock. 165 pages. Rostock.

Linne, C. 1758.  Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 824 pages. Holmiae.

Lipinski, M.R., F.A. Naggs, and M.A. Roeleveld. 2000.  Catalogue of types of Recent cephalopods in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London.  Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 50(1):101-120.

Lönnberg, E. 1896.  Notes on Spirula reticulata Owen and its phylogeny, pages 99-119, 1 plate. In J.M. Hulth, Zoologiska Studier. Festskrift W. Lilljeborg tillegnad pa hans attionde fodelsedag af Svenska Zoologer. 360 pages, 17 plates. Uppsala.

Lu, C.C., R. Boucher-Rodoni and A. Tillier. 1995.  Catalogue of types of Recent Cephalopoda in the Museum national d'Histoire Naturelle (France).  Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, (series 4)17(3-4):307-343.

Mermod, G. 1950.  Les collections malacologiques du Musée d’Histoire naturelle de Geneve.  Journal Conchyliologie, 90(1):58-59.

Nesis, K.N. 1982.  Abridged key to the cephalopod Molluscs of the world's oceans. Moscow: Light and Food Industry Publishing House, 385 pages. (In Russian; see Nesis, 1987 for abridged English translation)

Nesis, K.N. 1987.  Cephalopods of the World; Squids, cuttlefishes, Octopuses, and Allies. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, USA, 351 pages.

Owen, R. 1836.  Descriptions of some new or rare Cephalopoda, collected by Mr. George Bennett, Corr. Memb. Z.S.  Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 37:19-24.

Owen, R. 1848.  Description of two mutilated specimens of Spirula peronii, with some observations on S. australis and reticulata, pages 6-17, 1 plate.  In: A. Adams, and L. Reeve, 1848-1850, The Zoology of the Voyage of HMS "Samarang" under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher. 88 pages, 24 plates. Paris.

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