IntroductionThis endemic South African family was established by Scott (1985, 1993) to accommodate a single species, Barbarochthon brunneum Barnard, first described in the Sericostomatidae (Barnard 1934). The small dark brown adults have a conspicuous cream colored pronotum and are common in the western and southern Cape region at mid- to high elevations. Larvae occur in both fast-flowing torrents as well as pools, and are typically associated with marginal vegetation, including clumps of submerged Scirpus; they feed as leaf detritivores. From Holzenthal et al. (2007).
CharacteristicsLarval Barbarochthon make long, slender, curved, tapered cases made entirely of darkened silk except for some transverse rows of small sand grains towards the posterior end.
Barnard, K.H. (1934) South African caddis-flies (Trichoptera). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 21, 291–394.
Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007a. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 58 pp. 1668:639-698
Scott, K.M.F. (1985) Order Trichoptera (caddis flies). In: Scholtz, C.H. & Holm, E. (Eds.) Insects of
Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban, pp. 327–340.
Scott, K.M.F. (1993) Three recently erected Trichoptera families from South Africa, the Hydrosalpingidae, Petrothrincidae and Barbarochthonidae (Integripalpia: Sericostomatidae) [with a contribution by F.C. de Moor]. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History), 18, 293–354.
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- First online 17 July 2010
- Content changed 20 July 2010
Citing this page:
Kjer, Karl. 2010. Barbarochthonidae. Barbarochthon brunneum. Barbarochthon. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Barbarochthon_brunneum/14645/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/