The Mendota Mimic MillipedePaul Marek
Brachoria mendota individuals are about 40.1 mm long and 9.9 mm wide (females 41.2 mm X 10.6 mm). Color: 3-spotted yellow (shown above) or red; 2-spotted yellow or red (shown above); and 4-spotted yellow . There are regional differences in coloration between three areas: Valley and Ridges, Cumberland Mountain, and Jefferson County, Tennessee. In the Valley and Ridges, individuals tend to be smaller and 2-spotted red; whereas, in the Cumberland Mountain area, individuals tend to be larger and 3-spotted or 4-spotted yellow. An apparently disjunct population was recently discovered in Jefferson County, Tennessee with 2-spotted red or yellow coloration and wider metatergites than average for northern individuals in Virginia.
Brachoria mendota genitalia - left male gonopodal acropodite (with setae removed): (Left) medial view and (Right) magnified apical view. © Paul Marek
Brachoria mendota, 3-spotted red color morph. © Paul Marek
Brachoria mendota, 4-spotted yellow color morph. © Paul Marek
Brachoria mendota, 2-spotted yellow color morph. © Paul Marek
Marek P.E. 2010. A revision of the Appalachian millipede genus Brachoria Chamberlin, 1939 (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae: Apheloriini). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 817-889.
Marek P.E., Bond J.E. 2006. Phylogenetic systematics of the colorful, cyanide-producing millipedes of Appalachia (Polydesmida, Xystodesmidae, Apheloriini) using a total evidence Bayesian approach. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 41: 704-729.
Marek P.E., Bond J.E. 2007. A reassessment of apheloriine millipede phylogeny: additional taxa, Bayesian inference, and direct optimization (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae). Zootaxa 1610: 27-39.
Keeton W.T. 1959. A revision of the millipede genus Brachoria (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae) Proc. US Nat. Mus. 109: 1-58.
Hoffman R.L. 1999. Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication. No. 8. Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Paul Marek at
Page copyright © 2010 Paul Marek
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- First online 16 September 2010
- Content changed 16 September 2010
Citing this page:
Marek, Paul. 2010. Brachoria mendota http://tolweb.org/Brachoria_mendota/144229/2010.09.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. The Mendota Mimic Millipede. Version 16 September 2010 (under construction).