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Gaviiformes

Gaviidae

Loons

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taxon links [up-->]Gavia pacifica [up-->]Gavia arctica [up-->]Gavia adamsii [up-->]Gavia immer [up-->]Gavia stellata [down<--]'Water Birds' Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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Relationships after Boertmann 1990

Containing group: 'Water Birds'

Other Names for Gaviidae

References

Boertmann, D. 1990. Phylogeny of the divers, family Gaviidae (Aves). Steenstrupia 16:21-36.

Carboneras, C. 1992. Family Gaviidae (Divers). In: del Hoyo J., Elliott A., Sargatal J. (eds) Handbook of the birds of the world, vol 1Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, pp 162172.

Cracraft, J. 1982. Phylogenetic relationships and monophyly of loons, grebes, and hesperornithiform birds, with comments on the early history of birds. Syst. Zool. 31:35-56.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1987. Diving Birds of North America. Nebraska Univ. Press, Omaha, Nebraska.

Cracraft, J. 1982. Phylogenetic relationships and monophyly of loons, grebes, and hesperornithiform birds, with comments on the early history of birds. Syst. Zool. 31:35-56.

Gill, F. and M. Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1987. Diving Birds of North America. Nebraska Univ. Press, Omaha, Nebraska.

Mayr, G. 2004. A partial skeleton of a new fossil loon (Aves, Gaviiformes) from the early Oligocene of Germany with preserved stomach content. Journal of Ornithology 145(4):281-286.

McKitrick, M. C. 1991. Forelimb myology of loons (Gaviiformes), with comments on the relationship of loons and tubenoses (Procellariiformes). Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 102:115-152.

Roselaar, C. S., T. G. Tineke, M. Aliabadian, and V. Nijman. 2006. Hybrids in divers (Gaviiformes). Journal of Ornithology 147(1):24-30.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Gavia immer
Location Logan Lake, Longford Township, Ontario, Canada
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Common Loon
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2005 Matthew
Scientific Name Gavia stellata
Location Nome, Alaska, USA
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Red-throated Loon
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2007 Ashok Khosla
About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Gaviiformes. Gaviidae. Loons. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2007. Gaviiformes. Gaviidae. Loons. Version 18 April 2007 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Gaviidae/26386/2007.04.18 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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