Under Construction

Pycina zamba Doubleday 1849

Niklas Wahlberg
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Containing group: Nymphalini


The single species belonging to the genus Pycina has never been included in a phylogenetic study. The species is phylogenetically enigmatic, showing characteristics of both Coeini and Nymphalini. Pycina zamba is crepuscular (flying at dawn and dusk) and is found flying in the canopy of rainforests in Central and South America. This behavior has made it difficult to get specimens for molecular studies.


DeVries, P. J. 1987. The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History. Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Muyshondt, A. J., and A. Muyshondt. 1979. Notes on the life cycle and natural history of butterflies of El Salvador. III C. Historis odius and Coea acheronta (Nymphalidae-Coloburinae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 33:112-123.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Pycina zamba
Location Río Machay, Tungarahua, Ecuador
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Keith Willmott
Life Cycle Stage adult
View ventral
Source Butterflies of Ecuador
Copyright © 2007 Keith Willmott
About This Page

Niklas Wahlberg
University of Turku, Finland

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at

Page: Tree of Life Pycina zamba Doubleday 1849. Authored by Niklas Wahlberg. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Wahlberg, Niklas. 2006. Pycina zamba Doubleday 1849. Version 29 October 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Pycina_zamba/70328/2006.10.29 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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