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Tinamidae, tinamous

Joseph W. Brown
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taxon links [up-->]Nothura [up-->]Eudromia [up-->]Nothoprocta [up-->]Tinamus [up-->]Rhynchotus [up-->]Nothocercus [up-->]Crypturellus [up-->]Tinamotis [down<--]Palaeognathae Interpreting the tree
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Inferred relationships within the family Tinamidae through combined analysis of morphological and molecular (nuclear and mitochondiral DNA) data (Bertelli and Porzecanski, 2004).
Containing group: Palaeognathae

Other Names for Tinamiformes


Bertelli, S. 2004. Pigmentation characters: An example of Sankoff characters from Tinamou phylogeny. Ornitología Neotropical 15: 285-291.

Bertelli, S., and A. L. Porzecanski. 2004. Tinamou (Tinamidae) systematics: a preliminary combined analysis of morphology and molecules. Ornitologia Neotropical 15 (Supp.): 1-8.

Bertelli, S., N. P. Giannini, and P. Goloboff. 2002. A phylogeny of the tinamous (Aves : Palaeognathiformes) based on integumentary characters. Systematic Biology 51: 959-979.

Bertelli, S., and P. L. Tubaro. 2002. Body mass and habitat correlates of song structure in a primitive group of birds. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 77: 423-430.

von Boettischer, H. 1934. Beiträage zu einem phylogentisch begründeten natürlichen System der Steisshühner (Tinami) auf Grund einer taxonomisch verwertbaren Charaktere. Jena Z. Naturwiss. 69:169–192.

Cabot, J. 1992. Order Tinamiformes. Pp 112–138 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliot, and J. Sargatal (eds.), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 1. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Davies, S. J. J. F. 2002. Ratites and Tinamous. Oxford University Press, New York.

De Kloet, S. R. 2002. Molecular sex identification of tinamous with PCR using primers derived from the spindlin gene. Molecular Ecology Notes 2: 465-466.

De Kloet, R. S., and S. R. De Kloet. 2003. Evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: independent cessation of the recombination of sex chromosomes at the spindlin locus in neognathous birds and tinamous, a palaeognathous avian family. Genetica 119: 333-342.

Gill, F. and M. Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Jehl, J. R., Jr. 1971. The color patterns of downy young ratites and tinamous. Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 16:292–301.

Maijer, S. 1996. Distinctive song of highland form maculicollis of the Red-winged Tinamou (Rhynchotus rufescens): Evidence for species rank. Auk 113: 695-697.

Miranda-Ribeiro, A. de. 1938. Notas ornithológicas, Tinamidae. Rev. Mus. Paulista 23:667–788.

Salvadori, T. 1895. Catalogue of the Chenomorphe (Palamedeae, Phoenicopteri, Anseres), Cryturi, and Ratitae in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Tubaro, P. L., and S. Bertelli. 2003. Female-biased sexual size dimorphism in tinamous: a comparative test fails to support Rensch's rule. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 80: 519-527.

Ward, R. A. 1957. A study of the host distribution and some relationships of Mallophaga parasites on birds on the order Tinamiformes. Part I. Ann. Entonol. Soc. Am. 50:335–353.

Withers, P. C., R. B. Forbes, and M. S. Hedrick. 1987. Metabolic, water, and thermal relations of the Chilean Tinamou. Condor 89: 424-426.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Tinamus major
Location La Selva Biological Station, Saripiqui, Costa Rica
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Great Tinamou
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 1992 Patrick Coin
Scientific Name Eudromia elegans
Location Roger Williams Zoo, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Tina Who?
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Eric Heupel
About This Page

Joseph W. Brown
University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Joseph W. Brown at

Page: Tree of Life Tinamiformes. Tinamidae, tinamous. Authored by Joseph W. Brown. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brown, Joseph W. 2007. Tinamiformes. Tinamidae, tinamous. Version 07 March 2007 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Tinamiformes/15838/2007.03.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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