Under Construction



John Harshman
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taxon links [up-->]Snowornis [up-->]Querula purpurata [up-->]Doliornis [up-->]Phytotoma [up-->]Phibalura [up-->]Carpodectes [up-->]Procnias [up-->]Lipaugus [up-->]Cephalopterus [up-->]Xipholena [up-->]Cotinga [up-->]Ampelion [up-->]Phoenicircus [up-->]Carpornis [up-->]Perissocephalus tricolor [up-->]Gymnoderus foetidus [up-->]Tijuca [up-->]Rupicola [up-->]Pipreola Monophyly UncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Tyranni Interpreting the tree
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The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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Relationships after Tello et al. (2009), Ohlson et al. (2007).
Containing group: Tyranni

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Cotingidae was once home, in some classifications at least, to a number of taxa now assembled into a new family, Tityridae, as well as the enigmatic and endangered Calyptura cristata. It has now been pared back to a clearly monophyletic group. Phibalura has not been sampled in any modern analysis; though clearly a cotinga, its position is unclear; it has been suggested to be close to Ampelion.

Other Names for Cotingidae


Gill, F. and M. Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Lanyon, S.M. 1985. Molecular perspective on higher-level relationships in the Tyrannoidea (Aves). Systematic Zoology 34:404–18.

Lanyon, S.M. and W.E. Lanyon. 1989. The systematic position of the plantcutters, Phytotoma. Auk 106:422–432.

Ohlson, J. I., R. O. Prum, and P. G. P. Ericson. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of the cotingas (Aves : Cotingidae). Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution 42(1):25-37.

Prum, R. O., Rice, N. H., Mobley, J. A., and Dimmick, W. W. 2000. A preliminary phylogenetic hypothesis for the cotingas (Cotingidae) based on mitochondrial DNA. Auk 117: 236-241.

Snow, D.W. 1982. The Cotingas. Oxford University Press.

Snow, D.W. 2004 Family Cotingidae (Cotingas). Pages 32–108 in Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 9. J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott and D.A. Christie, eds. BirdLife International and Lynx Editions, Cambridge, UK and Barcelona.

Tello, J. G., R. G. Moyle, D. J. Marchese, and J. Cracraft. 2009. Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotinga, manakins, and their allies (Aves: Tyrannides). Cladistics 25:1-39.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Xipholena lamellipennis
Location Serra dos Carajás, Pará state, Brazil
Comments It occurs widely in the eastern part of the Amazon basin, but there are few easily accessible places where it can be found. They are regularly found in Carajás, especially in hilly areas where you can get clear views of the canopy.
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Sex Male
Copyright © Nick Athanas
Scientific Name Rupicola peruvianus
Location Abra Patricia, Amazonas dept., Peru
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Sex Male
Source Andean Cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola peruviana)
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2009 David Cook Wildlife Photography
Scientific Name Carpornis cucullata
Location Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Corocochó
Source Collection Flickr
Copyright © 2008 Joao Quental
About This Page

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to John Harshman at

Page: Tree of Life Cotingidae. Cotingas. Authored by John Harshman. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Harshman, John. 2009. Cotingidae. Cotingas. Version 28 November 2009 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Cotingidae/67999/2009.11.28 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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