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taxon links [up-->]Tumbezia salvini [up-->]Sublegatus [up-->]Gubernetes yetapa [up-->]Ochthoeca [up-->][Myiophobus] part 2 [up-->]Arundinicola leucocephala [up-->]Fluvicola [up-->]Pyrocephalus [up-->]Colonia colonus [up-->]Alectrurus Monophyly Uncertain[down<--]Fluvicolinae Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

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Relationships after Tello et al. (2009), Ohlson et al. (2008).
Containing group: Fluvicolinae

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

The traditional genus Myiophobus is polyphyletic (Tello et al. 2009, Ohlson et al. 2008), and this fragment will need a new name. The old name appears in brackets as a placeholder. The genus name goes with the type species, M. fasciatus, here.

Ochthoeca, in addition to being polyphyletic (several traditional species forming the genus Silvicultrix, outside Fluvicolini) may also be paraphyletic, including Tumbezia and even "[Myiophobus], part 2", though support is weak (Tello et al. 2009, Ohlson et al. 2008).


Ohlson, J., J. Fjeldså, and P. G. P. Ericson. 2008. Tyrant flycatchers coming out in the open: Phylogeny and ecological radiation of Tyrannidae (Aves, Passeriformes). Zoologica Scripta 37:315-335.

Tello, J. G., R. G. Moyle, D. J. Marchese, and J. Cracraft. 2009. Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotinga, manakins, and their allies (Aves: Tyrannides). Cladistics 25:1-39.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Pyrocephalus rubinus
Location Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, USA
Comments The Vermilion Flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus, is a small passerine bird that can be found in the southwestern United States, Central America, and northern and central South America, and southwards to central Argentina.
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Vermilion Flycatcher
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2009 Wayne Dumbleton
About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Fluvicolini. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2009. Fluvicolini. Version 28 November 2009 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Fluvicolini/138998/2009.11.28 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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