Prokuekenthaliella currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Afrossoria currently viewed as a subjective junior synonymNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
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Species of the genus Issoria are distributed throughout the Palaearctic and in parts of Africa. For a long period of time, species belonging to the South American genus Yramea were thought to belong to Issoria as well, but recent phylogenetic work (Simonsen 2006a, Simonsen et al 2006) has shown that this is not so.
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
Species in the genus Issoria are found in three groups, the I. eugenia group, I. lathonia and the African I. smaragdifera group. Morphological studies (Simonsen 2006a, b) found that two of the African species (I. hanningtoni and I. baumanni) may not belong to Issoria. However, when molecular data were added to the analyses (Simonsen et al 2006), it was found that the African species (including I. smaragdifera) formed a clade within Issoria.
Simonsen, T. J. 2006a. The male genitalia segments in fritillary butterflies: Comparative morphology with special reference to the ’rectal plate’ in Issoria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). European Journal of Entomology 103:425-432.
Simonsen, T. J. 2006b. Fritillary phylogeny, classification and larval hostplants: reconstructed mainly on the basis of male and female genitalic morphology (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Argynnini). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 627-673.
Simonsen, T. J., N. Wahlberg, A. V. Z. Brower, and R. de Jong. 2006. Morphology, molecules and Fritillaries: approaching a stable phylogeny for Argynnini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution 37: 405-418.
About This Page
University of Turku, Finland
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2011 Niklas Wahlberg and
Page: Tree of Life Issoria currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Afrossoria currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym. Authored by . Prokuekenthaliella Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 04 October 2006
- Content changed 04 October 2006
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2006. Issoria currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Afrossoria currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym. Version 04 October 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Issoria/70412/2006.10.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Prokuekenthaliella