Gulls, Terns, Skimmers
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
Relationships after Pons et al. 2005, Bridge et al. 2005, and Baker et al. 2007.
Bridge, E. S., A. W. Jones, and A. J. Baker. 2005. A phylogenetic framework for the terns (Sternini) inferred from mtDNA sequences: Implications for taxonomy and plumage evolution. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 37:686-699.
Baker, A. J., S. L. Pereira, and T. A. Paton. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships and divergence times of Charadriiformes genera: Multigene evidence for the Cretaceous origin of at least 14 clades of shorebirds. Biol. Lett. 3:205-209.
Grant, P. J. 1986. Gulls: A Guide to Identification. 2nd ed. San Diego: Academic.
Olsen, K. M. and H. Larsson. 1995. Terns of Europe and North America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Pons, J.-M., A. Hassanin, and P.-A. Crochet. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships within the Laridae (Charadriiformes: Aves) inferred from mitochondrial markers. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 37:686-699.
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- First online 24 June 2008
- Content changed 24 June 2008
Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 2008. Laridae. Gulls, Terns, Skimmers. Version 24 June 2008 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Laridae/26358/2008.06.24 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/