Under Construction


John Harshman
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taxon links [up-->]Mionectes [up-->]Pogonotriccus [up-->]Pseudotriccus [up-->]Phylloscartes [up-->]Corythopis [up-->]Leptopogon [down<--]Rhynchocyclinae Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

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Relationships after Tello et al. (2009), Tello and Bates (2007).
Containing group: Rhynchocyclinae

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

The genus Pipromorpha, for which this group is named, is commonly submerged within Mionectes, as it is here, though both genera may be monophyletic (Rheindt et al. 2008).


Ohlson, J., J. Fjeldså, and P. G. P. Ericson. 2008. Tyrant flycatchers coming out in the open: Phylogeny and ecological radiation of Tyrannidae (Aves, Passeriformes). Zoologica Scripta 37:315-335.

Rheindt, F. E., J. A. Norman, and L. Christidis. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of tyrant-flycatchers (Aves: Tyrannidae), with an emphasis on the elaenine assemblage. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 46:88-101.

Tello, J. G., and J. M. Bates. 2007. Molecular phylogenetics of the flatbill and tody-tyrant assemblage of tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae). Auk 124:134-154.

Tello, J. G., R. G. Moyle, D. J. Marchese, and J. Cracraft. 2009. Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotinga, manakins, and their allies (Aves: Tyrannides). Cladistics 25:1-39.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Corythopis delalandi
Location Reserva Ambiental - Piraju-SP - Brasil
Comments Além de emitir um bonito canto, o "estalador" produz um som de batida do bico parecido com um estalo (razão do nome comum), usado como alerta de algum perigo. Vive no interior das matas ciliares, cerradões e matas secas. Fonte: WikiAves
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source ESTALADOR (Corythopis delalandi)
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2009 Dario Sanches
About This Page

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to John Harshman at

Page: Tree of Life Pipromorphini. Authored by John Harshman. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Harshman, John. 2009. Pipromorphini. Version 28 November 2009 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Pipromorphini/139095/2009.11.28 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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