This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.
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Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsRelationships within this group are currently uncertain, and clarity awaits new studies with more complete species sampling. The genera Lophotriccus and Hemitriccus are not monophyletic, though just how they and the remaining genera in that clade will eventually be sorted out is unclear (Tello et al. 2009, Rheindt et al. 2008). Todirostrum is weakly supported in two independent studies as being nested within Poecilotriccus, which if true makes the latter genus paraphyletic (Tello et al. 2009, Rheindt et al. 2008). New names will be needed, or old names will have to be eliminated, or both.
Rheindt, F. E., J. A. Norman, and L. Christidis. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of tyrant-flycatchers (Aves: Tyrannidae) with an emphasis on the elaenine assemblage. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 46:88-101.
Tello, J. G., and J. M. Bates. 2007. Molecular phylogenetics of the flatbill and tody-tyrant assemblage of tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae). Auk 124:134-154.
Tello, J. G., R. G. Moyle, D. J. Marchese, and J. Cracraft. 2009. Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotinga, manakins, and their allies (Aves: Tyrannides). Cladistics 25:1-39.
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Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to John Harshman at
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Page: Tree of Life Todirostrini. Authored by John Harshman. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 28 November 2009
- Content changed 28 November 2009
Citing this page:
Harshman, John. 2009. Todirostrini. Version 28 November 2009 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Todirostrini/139049/2009.11.28 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/