Lemurs, tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
Adkins, R. M. and R. L. Honeycutt. 1994. Evolution of the primate cytochrome c oxidase subunit II gene. Journal of Molecular Evolution 38:215-231.
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Barton, R. A. 2004. Binocularity and brain evolution in primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 101(27):10113-10115.
Bloch, J. I. and D. M. Boyer. 2002. Grasping primate origins. Science298:1606-1610.
Bloch, J. I., D. C. Fisher, P. D. Gingerich, G. F. Gunnell, E. L. Simons, and M. D. Uhen. 1997. Cladistic analysis and anthropoid origins. Science 278:2134-2135.
Fleagle, J. G. 1999. Primate Adaptation and Evolution. Academic Press, San Diego.
Flynn, J. J., A. R. Wyss, R. Charrier, and C. C. Swisher. 1995. An Early Miocene anthropoid skull from the Chilean Andes. Nature 373:603-607.
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- The Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center (WRPRC). Provides acces to a variety of resources including:
- BIOSIS BiologyBrowser: Primates
- California Regional Primate Research Center. University of California, Davis.
- American Society of Primatologists
- Primate Cytogenetics Network
- The Virtual Skeletons Project. University of Texas at Austin.
- Order Primates. The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Animal Diversity Web.
- Introduction to Primates. Mesa Community College Exploratorium of Our Kind.
- Primate Display. University of Edinburgh's Natural History Museum.
- Information on recent finds of fossil primates in China:
- Searching for Our Primate Ancestors in China. An article by Carnegie paleontologist Chris Beard.
- Newly discovered fossils from China shed light on the common ancestry of monkeys, apes and humans . Northern Illinois University News Release.
- Researchers discover fossils of tiny, thumb-length primates. Northern Illinois University News Release.
- Primates Online. Primate Conservation & Welfare Society.
- Electronic Zoo Primates Page. Links to primate information on the web.
- Tim Knight's Primate Gallery. Primate photos, illustrations, and paintings by various artists.
- Steve Bloom's Primates Project. A collection of great primate photos.
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Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 1999. Primates. Lemurs, tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans. Version 01 January 1999 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Primates/15963/1999.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/