Lampronia rubiella, Raspberry bud mothOlle Pellmyr
Depicted in Heath & Pelham-Clinton (1976). Wingspan 9-12 mm. Head light ochreous. Forewing groundcolor fuscous, with slight purplish tinge; 4-5 creamy spots on costa and 2 on hind margin, with many small spots on veins in distal two thirds of the wing. Hindwings gray.
Described in detail by Hill (1952) and Hellqvist (1990); ovipositing female and late-instar larva depicted in the latter. Egg is laid in the wedge between the stamens and petals in flowers of Rubus idaea (raspberry), R. arcticus, R. saxatilis and probably other species of Rubus. Larvae feed inside the fruit (seeds and/or receptacle) for two instars, then overwinter in a round, dark cocoon in shallow soil near the plant root. Larvae enter young buds and adjacent pith in the spring. Larvae pupate on a leaf surface or inside the gallery. The adult emerges in early summer.
Widely distributed from the British Isles, through continental Europe and Fennoscandia, east across Russia to Sakhalin, and south to Altai. The species has been introduced in North America, and was first found in New Brunswick, Canada, in 1936.
In habitats with Rubus species, including orchards where spring feeding can have a significant impact on fruit production.
Heath, J. & E.C. Pelham-Clinton. 1976. The moths and butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland, vol I: Incurvariidae. Blackwell Scientific Press and Curwen Press.
Hellqvist, S. 1990. Hallonmal, Lampronia rubiella (Bjerk.), som skadedjur på allåkerbär. Växtskyddsnotiser 54:107-112.
Hill, A.R. 1952. The bionomic of Lampronia rubiella (Bjerk.), the raspberry moth, in Scotland. J. Horticult. Sci. 27:1-13.
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Pellmyr, Olle. 1996. Lampronia corticella http://tolweb.org/Lampronia_corticella/12358/1996.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Lampronia rubiella , Raspberry bud moth. Version 01 January 1996 (under construction).